Outremer crossbows 13th century

Despite common impression that crossbow was a crusaders weapon, it was used by both sides of conflict. Muslim technology of composite bow construction significantly improved European weapons. on this illustration from William of Tyre”Histoire de l’ Outremer” both crusaders and Saracens are using crossbows probably with composite prods.

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Crossbowmen of 13th century Apocalypse




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Trinity Apocalipse – “professional” crossbowman

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image From National Museum in Helsinki. Accurate copy of copper tomb plates, depicting story of conversion to christianity

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New prod ready for string

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“Saracen” crossbows

Mounted crossbowman from Nicolle (Sirian, second half of XIII century, British Museum 69.1-20.3)

Sergey’s last year plans for Alhambra crossbow in its present state. Prod is usually considered later replacement (see Hoffmayer). Binding is definitely not original and prod itself looks oversize and too powerful for such a slender tiller. On the other hand, prod proportions on Syrian vessel are very similar. Or prod may be older than the tiller

And some photos of prototype

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Italian crossbow – version 2

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Italian crossbow – technical drawing in progress

Drawing by Sergey Mityanin based on Italian crossbow from Venice. This is first version, some mistakes are not corrected yet.

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Zimmerman on bolts

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Mounted crossbowman, swiss, end XV-early XVI century

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